Professor Yves GIRAULT
UMR 208 Patrimoines locaux et gouvernance
Département Hommes, Natures, Sociétés
Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle
43 rue Buffon, CP135
75005 Paris, France
+33 (0)140795400
girault@mnhn.fr
yvesgirault.com
geopark-h2020
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1- Major positions:
  • Professor of Museology (Sciences of Information and Communication/ Education), National Museum of Natural History (noted MNHN)
  • Deputy Director of l'UMR 208 Patrimoines locaux MNHN/IRD, since January 2012 to July 2016
  • Director of Service of Education and Cultural Mediation, National Museum of Natural History, 1994-2000
  • Professor, Université de Montréal, 1989/1993
Research
  • Scientific Director of European program RISE, H2020 (science excellence): Geoparks, Heritage, Education and Sustainable Development an Innovative Methodology for Southern Countries. Case Study in Morocco (Atlas Mountains, Marrakech), 2015/2018
  • Coordinator of the axis: "Characterizing supports and barriers to ESD for school use of museums" in project ANR 08 -BLAN0135-04.2008/2012 "ESD: support and barriers"
  • Member of the Scientific Board of the International Joint Laboratory Water Heritage (LMI PATEO ) created in 2012
  • Regular Researcher at Research Centre for Education and Training on Environment and Eco-citizenship. UQAM, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
  • Member of the Scientific Committee in the International Francophone Network of Research on Environment Educational since 2011.
Teaching
  • Director of Master program Museology, National Museum of Natural History, 2000 to 2014
Recent Expertise
  • Leading the project on ESD policy in the Regional Natural Park Livradois-Forez (2011) and the Regional Natural Park Lorraine (2011)
  • Expert of the European Commission in the framework of the activity of NESSE network (Network of Experts in Social Sciences of Education and Training) for a report on education of environment and sustainable development (January 2009)
  • Member of the steering committee that expertise the "water classes" within the Water Agency Seine Normandie (2008/2009).
Responsibilities for international scientific journals
  • Member of the executive committee of journal Éducation Relative à l'Environnement : Regards - Recherches - Réflexions, University of Québec, Montréal, since January 2013
  • Co-editor-in-chief of journal Recherches en Didactiques des Sciences et des Technologies (RDST), 2010-2012
  • Co-editor-in-chief of the journal Aster (NPRI) 2006-2009
  • Editorial board member of journal Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education
  • Participation in editorial review of other scientific journals: Journal of Continuing Higher Education, Canadian Journal of education, Canadian Journal of environmental education, Vertigo.
2- Scientific Activity:

Since joining the UMR 208 Patrimoines locaux et gouvernance (PALOC) in 2008, I continued with my previous work focused on the role of exhibition as media in the relations between science culture and societies. New research topics emerge in my research since 2010 relating to the display of local heritage in the Southern countries, which led me to co-organize a seminar specialized on the topic within UMR PALOC.

2.1 Displaying local heritage in Southern countries

Our first works try to show that, if museum has imposed and sometimes is still imposing a standardized and uniform culture in the Southern countries based on the expert knowledge from the most powerful countries, this cultural institution has evolved considerably (Girault 2014 Brianso, Girault 2013). For thirty year, museums contribute in fact to the building of a new heterogeneous and democratic public sphere that enables people to valorize, question and debate on local identities and world cultures (Rasse, Coord Girault, 2011). These studies demonstrate that in the Southern countries, all forms of expression, even the most ordinary ones, captures an understanding of their economic, social and/or cultural local reality. And the participatory approach of heritage, though criticized by some researchers, seems to be an apt, constructivist intercultural compromise between the Western legal standards and the long-time marginalized local population (Girault 2015). It seems (Brianso, Girault Y. ibd) that only by questioning Western standards and practices of the professionals in charge of their implementation could lead to a heritage ethic that is based on the hybridization of knowledge and of expertise which, according to Paquette (2012), could be "likely to produce and guarantee a truly inclusive and intercultural heritage relation." As the speech of Alpha Oumar Konare in 1992 goes, "[...] it is necessary to kill, I say kill, the occidental model of museum in Africa [...]". With local innovations such as cultural banks (Girault 2015), African States stimulate and instrumentalize community dynamics as new forms of sustainable local heritage conservation in favor of developmentalist policies. My current work tends to analyze such policies in the international mixed laboratory Water Heritage (LMI Pateo Senegal) with the case study in Cameroon.

2.2 European Project H2020-MSCA-RISE-2014 GEOPARKS Heritage, Education and Development - an Innovative Methodology for Southern Countries. Case Study in Morocco (Atlas Mountains, Marrakech), from 2015 to 2018

According to the Charter of the European Geoparks Network adopted in Greece the 5th June of 2000, a European Geopark "is a territory which includes a particular geological heritage and a sustainable territorial development strategy supported by a European programme to promote development. [.]".These territories have been labelled regarding their geological, cultural and ecological heritage - since the early 2000s this Label knows a growing success among European countries, particularly in the West (France, Germany, Italy, Spain). In 2013, 54 European Geoparks received the precious label. This international recognition by UNESCO attracts Southern countries to implement development strategies in line with the recommendations of good-practices management oriented by international organizations. Indeed, UNESCO takes into account a plurality of selective criteria such as a remarkable heritage (geology, archaeology, biodiversity, cultural), citizen participation, sustainable regional economic development plan, heritage and socio-economic values for local populations, etc. to proceed to the inscription process. It is based on an integrated and sustainable management & conservation strategy of natural and cultural heritage from an interdisciplinary approach (Humanities and Life & Earth Sciences) in consultation with local stakeholders (local communities, universities and civil society). Currently, there is no "Geopark methodology" adapted to the South. Thus, the GEOPARK project aims to study potential and compared areas (EU/Africa) with remarkable geological, ecological, social and cultural heritage. One located in Central Catalunia (Spain) and the other in the Zat Valley(Morocco) - Marrakech. Endowed with varied skills in Humanities and Life and Earth Sciences, GEOPARK project partners(public, private) propose to study biodiversity, geology, prehistory, social aspects, heritage, tourism as a geopark based on empirical surveys, field collecting data and shared experience.

3- Recent publications:

Girault Y., Barthes A. (2016)- Postures épistémologiques et cadres théoriques des principaux courants de l'éducation aux territoires. In Éducation relative à l'Environnement : Regards - Recherches - Réflexions, 13.

Juhé-Beaulaton D., Girault Y. (2016) Entre effervescence et ambivalences : les déclinaisons locales du patrimoine. In Ambivalences patrimoniales au Sud. Mises en scène et jeux d'acteurs, Guillaud D., Juhé-Beaulaton D., Cormier-Salem M.C., Girault Y. (Dir. ), Editions Karthala, pp6-16, 276p.

Girault Y. (2016) Des premiers musées africains aux banques culturelles : des institutions patrimoniales au service de la cohésion sociale et culturelle. in Nouvelles tendances de la muséologie, Mairesse F. (eds), La Documentation Française, Collection Musées-Mondes, pp111-144, 246p.

Guillaud D., Juhé-Beaulaton D., Cormier-Salem M.C., Girault Y. (Dir.) (2016) Ambivalences patrimoniales au Sud : mises en scène et jeux d'acteurs. Editions Karthala, 276p.

Brianso I., Girault Y. (2014). Instrumentalisations politiques et développementalistes du patrimoine culturel africain. Études de communications, Anthropologie des savoirs, n° 42, pp149-162.

Sauvé L., Girault Y. (Coord. 2014). Enjeux éthiques des politiques en matière d'environnement. Éthiques publiques, vol. 16, n° 1, 264p.

Brianso I., Girault Y. (2014). Innovations et enjeux éthiques des politiques environnementales et patrimoniales : l'UNESCO et le Conseil de l'Europe. In Enjeux éthiques des politiques en matière d'environnement. Éthiques publiques, Sauvé L., Girault Y. (Coord), vol. 16, n° 1, 264p., pp17-37.

Girault Y., Van Praët M. (Dir. 2013) Muséo museum 20 ans d'enseignement de la muséologie au MNHN. Eds OCIM, MNHN, 335p.

Girault Y., Van Praët M. (2013)-L'enseignement de la Muséologie au MNHN : contexte et positionnement. In Girault Y., Van Praët M. (Dir. 2013) Muséo museum 20 ans d'enseignement de la muséologie au MNHN. Eds OCIM, MNHN, pp11-28, 335p.

Molinatti G., Girault Y. (2013)-Mobilisation de modèles épistémologiques pour penser les sciences et leurs communications dans la médiation muséale des thèmes sciences sociétés. In Girault Y.(2013) L'enseignement de la muséologie au MNHN in Girault Y., Van Praët M. (Dir. 2013) Muséo museum 20 ans d'enseignement de la muséologie au MNHN. Eds OCIM, MNHN, pp95-105, 335p.

Rasse P., Girault Y. (Coord 2011). Les musées aux prismes de la communication, regard sur les arts, les sciences et les cultures en mouvement à travers le débat qui agitent l'institution muséale. n°61 Hermès, CNRS Éditions, 275p.

Rasse P., Girault Y. (2011). Regard sur les arts, les sciences et les cultures en mouvement, à travers les débats qui agitent l'institution muséale. In Rasse P., Girault Y. (Coord 2011 ). Les musées aux prismes de la communication, regard sur les arts, les sciences et les cultures en mouvement à travers le débat qui agitent l'institution muséale. N61 Hermès, CNRS Éditions, pp11-16, 275p.

Girault Y., Molinatti G. (2011). Comment les musées et centres de sciences s'exposent aux controverses socioscientifiques. In Rasse P., Girault Y. (Coord 2011 ). Les musées aux prismes de la communication, regard sur les arts, les sciences et les cultures en mouvement à travers le débat qui agitent l'institution muséale. N61 Hermès, CNRS Éditions, pp 159-166, 275p.